Polkadot (DOT)


What is Polkadot?

Polkadot is a sharded protocol that allows blockchain networks to communicate in a trustless, scalable, and highly secure manner. It's an open-source project that allows the adoption of Web 3.0 technologies on a commercial level. The native digital token of the Polkadot ecosystem, DOT, acts as the platform's governance and utility token.

The Web3 Foundation is a Switzerland-based nonprofit organisation responsible for the development of the Polkadot ecosystem. Polkadot makes the trustless exchange of information between public and private chains, permissionless networks, oracles, and emerging technologies.


Polkadot leverages a Nominated Proof-of-Stake (NPoS) consensus mechanism to secure its network in a highly energy-efficient, transparent, and reliable manner.

Polkadot is a known Layer-0 metaprotocol used as the foundational network for layer-1 blockchains called parachains (parallel chains). Polkadot's chains are all constructed using Parity Technologies' Substrate modular framework, which allows developers to choose particular parts that are ideal for their application-specific chains. Polkadot is the collective name for the network of parachains that connect to the Relay Chain, a single fundamental platform. This base platform, which also uses Substrate, has the consensus, finality, and voting logic from Polkadot, but does not provide application functionality. Instead, it secures the network's parachains.


Instead of using pooled resources from Polkadot's pool, independent blockchains with their own validators can join the Polkadot network through bridges. These bridges offer interoperability across several blockchains without the requirement to be hosted on the Polkadot network, enabling seamless data and asset transfer.

There is no limit to the amount of additional parachains Polkadot can support, with the goal of providing a multi-chain environment with limitless possibilities. The infrastructure may eventually lead to the development of mini Polkadot networks that can connect additional public and private chains and facilitate more multi-chain transactions, even though the fundamental design can support hundreds of parachains.

What makes Polkadot unique?

Because of the network's high adaptability and flexibility, users can share resources and functionalities. To add new features or fix bugs, Polkadot can be automatically upgraded without a fork.

All token holders on the network vote in the network's governance, which is a sophisticated user-driven mechanism. On Polkadot, teams can modify the governance of their own blockchain based on their requirements and changing circumstances. The roles of the three parties — nominators, validators, and collators—all contribute to the network's security, upkeep, and eradication of improper activity.

Who is behind Polkadot?

Polkadot’s founders are Dr. Gavin Wood, Robert Habermeier, and Peter Czaban. Dr. Wood, a co-founder and CTO of Ethereum, is credited with developing Polkadot in 2016. He is also known as the creator of Solidity, the coding language used to create Ethereum's smart contracts. Later in 2017, the Web3 Foundation was established by Dr. Wood and Peter Czaban of Parity, and later hosted the first token sale for Polkadot. Habermeier is a Thiel Fellow and accomplished blockchain and cryptography researcher and developer.

Frequently asked questions

How to buy Polkadot in Australia?

Polkadot is available to buy from Clanz' digital currency exchange, with some of the lowest industry fees. Clanz offers investors and traders a secure, simple way to buy or trade Polkadot.

What can I do with my Polkadot on Clanz?

You can hold your Polkadot in your Clanz wallet as a long-term investment, exchange it for Australian dollars or another cryptocurrency, stake, or send it to another Polkadot wallet.

How to Stake DOT on Polkadot-JS?

If you want to stake DOT on the native wallet Polkadot-JS, follow these steps:

  1. Open a Polkadot-JS account, add DOT funds by purchasing cryptocurrency on exchanges like Clanz, and then transfer the funds into the wallet.
  2. To stake on the Polkadot network via nomination, you must own at least 10 DOT tokens.
  3. After you've deposited money into your Polkadot-JS wallet account, go to the Staking option under the Network page.
  4. When you add a nominator, choose your Stash and Controller accounts and input the quantity of DOT tokens you want to stake.
  5. Select a validator from the list and finalise the transaction by clicking Bond and Nominate, to verify the staking order, you must re-enter your password.

Is it safe to buy Polkadot?

Practising safe investing to minimise risk is crucial when buying Polkadot or any cryptocurrency. The first step to safely buy cryptos is to choose a safe digital currency exchange like Clanz. We’re a licenced Digital Currency Exchange with AUSTRAC (DCE100639664-001), and hold an Australian Financial Services Licence (518031). For more information, visit clanz.com/security

Clanz Logo

© Clanz 2022, All Rights Reserved. PayFar Pty Ltd, ABN 31 638 408 349, trading as Clanz is a digital currency exchange provider (DCE) registered with the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC). PayFar Pty Ltd is a corporate authorised representative of Point Capital Group Pty Ltd (ABN 41 625 931 900) who holds Australian Financial Services Licence (AFSL) 518031. Before engaging in crypto trading and/or using Clanz Follow-Trading features, you should consider your personal objectives, financial situation, and capacity to sustain significant loss. Clanz does not provide any investment advice. Clanz does not warrant the performance, ongoing participation, or profile disclosures of the traders participating as Leaders (traders you can copy). Clanz Follow-Trading is dependent on your decisions to copy certain traders and your consideration of and acceptance of the risk of incurring loss.